New Caledonia is located in the south Pacific Ocean, 1,750 kilometres east of Australia.
Its total area is 19,060 square kilometres.
181,309 (July, 1994 estimate)
French, 28 Melanesian-Polynesian dialects
New Caledonia has been an overseas territory of France since 1956.
The 1988 Matignon Accords granted substantial autonomy to New Caledonia. It was
formerly under French law.
New Caledonia has one Pacific Ocean INTELSAT earth station.
New Caledonia has more than 25% of the world's known nickel resources. In recent
years, the economy has suffered because of depressed international demand for nickel,
the principal source of export earnings. Only a negligible amount of the land is suitable
for cultivation, and food accounts for about 25% of imports.
The main industry in New Caledonia is nickel mining and smelting.
1 CFP franc (CFPF) = 100 centimes
Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique francs (CFPF) per US$1 - 107.63 (January,
The Comptoirs Francais du Pacifique franc is linked at the rate of 18.18 to the
New Caledonia Hotels
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