Mauritius is a mountainous island located in the western Indian Ocean, 900 kilometres
east of Madagascar. Its total area is 1,860 square kilometres.
1,116,923 (July, 1994 estimate)
English (official), Creole, French, Hindi, Urdu, Hakka, Bojpoori
The government of Mauritius is a parliamentary democracy.
The legal system of Mauritius is based on the French civil law system with elements of
English common law in certain areas.
Mauritius has a small system with good service, utilizing primarily microwave
radio relay. There is a new microwave link to Reunion, and high-frequency
radio links to several countries. There is also one Indian Ocean INTELSAT
The economy is based on sugar, manufacturing (mainly textiles) and tourism.
Sugarcane is grown on about 90% of the cultivated land area and accounts for 40% of
export earnings. The government's development strategy centers on industrialization
(with a view to exports), agricultural diversification and tourism. Economic
performance in 1992 was impressive, with 6% real growth and low unemployment.
The main industries are food processing (largely sugar milling), textiles, wearing
apparel, chemicals, metal products, transport equipment, nonelectrical machinery and
1 Mauritian rupee (MauR) = 100 cents
Mauritian rupees (MauRs) per US$1 - 18.696 (January, 1994)
Mauritius Chamber Of Commerce And Industry
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