Andorra lies high in the Pyrenees Mountains on the French-Spanish border. The
country is drained by the Valira River. Its total area is 450 square kilometres.
63,930 (July, 1994 estimate)
Catalan (official), French, Castilian
Andorra's government is a parliamentary democracy that retains as its heads of state a co-principality. The two princes are the president of France and the Spanish bishop of Seo de Urgel, who are represented locally by officials called veguers.
The Andorran legal system is based on French and Spanish civil codes. There is no judicial review of legislative acts. Andorra has not accepted compulsory ICJ jurisdiction.
Andorra uses an international digital microwave network and has international landline circuits to France and Spain.
Tourism, the mainstay of Andorra's economy, accounts for roughly 80% of GDP. An
estimated 13 million tourists visit annually, attracted by Andorra's duty-free status and
by its summer and winter resorts. The banking sector, with its "tax haven" status, also
contributes substantially to the economy. Agricultural production is limited by a scarcity
of arable land, and most food has to be imported. The principal livestock activity is
sheep raising. Manufacturing consists mainly of cigarettes, cigars and furniture.
Andorra is a member of the EU Customs Union. It is unclear what effect the European
Single Market will have on the advantages Andorra obtains from its duty-free status.
Andorra's main industries are tourism (particularly skiing), sheep, timber, tobacco and
1 French franc (F) = 100 centimes
1 Spanish peseta (Pta) = 100 centimos
French francs (F) per US$1 - approximately 7.3 (November, 2001)
Spanish pesetas (Ptas) per US$1 - approximately 186 (November, 2001)
Jordi's Andorra Page
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